Medical References – Birth Outcomes

Updated May 25, 2107

1. Forbes LJ, Kapetanakis V, Rudnicka AR, Cook DG, Bush T, Stedman JR, Whincup PH, Strachan DP, Anderson HR. Nascimento LF, Moreira DA. Are environmental pollutants risk factors for low birth weight? Cad Saude Publica. 2009 Aug;25(8):1791-6.

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4. Lupo, PJ, E Symanski, DK Waller, MA Canfield and LE Mitchellet. 2010. Maternal exposure to ambient levels of benzene and neural tube defect among offspring, Texas, 1999-2004. Environmental Health Perspectives http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1002212.

5. Rahman, Anisur. Arsenic Exposure and Risk of Spontaneous Abortion, Stillbirth, and Infant Mortality. Epidemiology. November 2010 – Volume 21 – Issue 6 – pp 797-804 doi: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181f56a0d

6. Bell ML, Belanger K, Ebisu K, Gent JF, Lee HJ, Koutrakis P, Leaderer BP. Prenatal Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Birth Weight: Variations by Particulate Constituents and Sources. Epidemiology. 2010 Aug 31. [Epub ahead of print]

7. Suzuki, T., Oshio, S., Iwata, M., et al. In utero exposure to a low concentration of diesel exhaust affects spontaneous locomotor activity and monoaminergic system in male mice. Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2010, 7:7doi 10.1186/1743-8977-7-7

8. Veras MM, Damaceno-Rodregues N, Caldini E, Ribeiro A, et al. Particulate Urban Air Pollution Affects the Functional Morphology of Mouse Placenta. Biology of Reproduction Sept. 1, 2008 vol. 79 no. 3 578-584.

9. Hansen C, Barnett A, Prichard G. The Effect of Ambient Air Pollution during Early Pregnancy on Fetal Ultrasound Measurements during Mid-Pregnancy. Environ Health Persp Vol. 116, Number 3, March 2008

10. Wu J, Ren C, Delfino RJ, Chung J, Wilhelm M, Ritz B 2009. Association between Local Traffic-Generated Air Pollution and Preeclampsia and Preterm Delivery in the South Coast Air Basin of California. Environ Health Perspect 117:1773-1779. doi:10.1289/ehp.0800334

11. Ritz B, Yu F, Fruin S, Chapa G, Shaw G, Harris J. Ambient Air Pollution and Risk of Birth Defects in Southern California. Am. J. Epidemiol. (2002) 155(1): 17-25 doi:10.1093/aje/155.1.17

12. Vrijheid M, Martinez D, Manzanares S, Dadvand P, Schembari A, Rankin J, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Dec 3. [Epub ahead of print] Ambient Air Pollution and Risk of Congenital Anomalies: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

13. Dadvand P, Rankin J, Rushton S, Pless-Mulloli T. Ambient air pollution and congenital heart disease; a register-based study. Environ Res. 2011 Feb 15. [Epub ahead of print]

14. Estarlich M, et al. Residential exposure to outdoor air pollution during pregnancy and anthropometric measures at birth in a multicenter cohort in spain. Environmental Health Perspectives, in press. Posted online March 23, 2011. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1002918

15. Hwang BF, Lee YL, Jaakkola JJ. Air Pollution and Stillbirth: A Population-Based Case-Control Study in Taiwan. Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Mar 28. [Epub ahead of print]

16. Lee PC, Talbott EO, Roberts JM, Catov JM, Sharma RK, Ritz B. Particulate Air Pollution Exposure and C-reactive Protein During Early Pregnancy. Epidemiology. 2011 Apr 21. [Epub ahead of print]

17. Darrow LA, Klein M, Strickland MJ, Mulholland JA, Tolbert PE 2011. Ambient Air Pollution and Birth Weight in Full-Term Infants in Atlanta, 1994–2004. Environ Health Perspect 119:731-737. doi:10.1289/ehp.1002785

18. Salihu HM, August EM, Mbah AK, Alio AP, de Cuba R 2nd, Jaward FM, Berry EL. Effectiveness of a Federal Healthy Start Program in Reducing the Impact of Particulate Air Pollutants on Feto-Infant Morbidity Outcomes. Matern Child Health J. 2011 Jul 17. [Epub ahead of print]

19. Wilhelm M, Ghosh JK, Su J, Cockburn M, Jerrett M, Ritz B. Traffic-Related Air Toxics and Term Low Birth Weight in Los Angeles County, California. Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Aug 11. [Epub ahead of print]

20. Jedrychowski W1, Perera F, Mrozek-Budzyn D, Mroz E, Flak E, Spengler JD, Edwards S, Jacek R, Kaim I, Skolicki Z. Gender differences in fetal growth of newborns exposed prenatally to airborne fine particulate matter.
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21. ChunMei L, et al. Effects of Exposure to Nanoparticle-rich Diesel Exhaust on Pregnancy in Rats. J Reprod Dev. 2013 Apr; 59(2): 145–150. Published online 2012 Dec 20. doi: 10.1262/jrd.2012-145

22. Pereira G, Nassar N, Cook A, Bow C. Traffic emissions are associated with reduced fetal growth in areas of Perth, Western Australia: an application of the AusRoads dispersion model. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Volume 35, Issue 5, pages 451–458, October 2011

23. Wilhelm M, Ghosh JK, Su J, Cockburn M, Jerrett M, Ritz B. Traffic-related air toxics and preterm birth: a population-based case-control study in Los Angeles County, California. Environmental Health 2011, 10:89 doi:10.1186/1476-069X-10-89

24. Ren A, Qiu X, Jin L, Ma J, Li Z, et al. Association of selected persistent organic pollutants in the placenta with the risk of neural tube defects. PNAS 2011 : 1105209108v1-201105209.

25. van den Hooven EH, Pierik FH, de Kluizenaar Y, Willemsen SP, Hofman A, van Ratingen SW, et al. 2011. Air Pollution Exposure During Pregnancy, Ultrasound Measures of Fetal Growth, and Adverse Birth Outcomes: A Prospective Cohort Study. Environ Health Perspect :-. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1003316

26. Yorifuji T, Naruse H, Kashima S, Murakoshi T, Tsuda T, Doi H, Kawachi I. Residential proximity to major roads and placenta/birth weight ratio. Sci Total Environ. 2011 Dec 3. [Epub ahead of print]

27. Olsson D, Ekström M, Forsberg B. Temporal Variation in Air Pollution Concentrations and Preterm Birth—A Population Based Epidemiological Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 272-285; doi:10.3390/ijerph9010272

28. Le HQ, Batterman SA, Wirth JJ, Wahl RL, Hoggatt KJ, Sadeghnejad A, Hultin ML, Depa M. Air pollutant exposure and preterm and term small-for-gestational-age births in Detroit, Michigan: Long-term trends and associations. Environ Int. 2012 Feb 6. [Epub ahead of print]

29. Jedrychowski WA, Perera FP, Maugeri U, Spengler J, Mroz E, Flak E, Stigter L, Majewska R, Kaim I, Sowa A, Jacek R. Prohypertensive Effect of Gestational Personal Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter. Prospective Cohort Study in Non-smoking and Non-obese Pregnant Women. Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2012 Feb 11. [Epub ahead of print]

30. Olsson D, Ekström M, Forsberg B. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2012 Jan;9(1):272-85. Epub 2012 Jan 18. Temporal variation in air pollution concentrations and preterm birth-a population based epidemiological study.

31. Ghosh JK, Wilhelm M, Su J, Goldberg D, Cockburn M, Jerrett M, Ritz B. Assessing the Influence of Traffic-related Air Pollution on Risk of Term Low Birth Weight on the Basis of Land-Use-based Regression Models and Measures of Air Toxics. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 May 13. [Epub ahead of print]

32. Kloog I, Melly SJ, Ridgway WL, Coull BA, Schwartz J. Using New Satellite Based Exposure Methods to Study the Association Between Pregnancy PM 2.5 Exposure, Premature Birth And Birth Weight In MassachusettUsing new satellite based exposure methods to study the association between pregnancy pm2.5 exposure, premature birth and birth weight in Massachusettss. Environ Health. 2012 Jun 18;11(1):40. [Epub ahead of print]

33. Faiz AS, Rhoads GG, Demissie K, Kruse L, Lin Y, Rich DQ. Ambient Air Pollution and the Risk of Stillbirth. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Jul 18. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22811493

34. Miranda ML, Edwards SE, Chang HH, Auten RL. Proximity to roadways and pregnancy outcomes. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2012 Jul 18. doi: 10.1038/jes.2012.78. [Epub ahead of print]

35. Lee PC, Talbott EO, Roberts JM, Catov JM, Bilonick RA, Stone RA, Sharma RK, Ritz B. Ambient air pollution exposure and blood pressure changes during pregnancy. Environ Res. 2012 Jul 24. [Epub ahead of print]

36. Proietti E, Röösli M, Frey U, Latzin P. Air Pollution During Pregnancy and Neonatal Outcome: A Review. J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv. 2012 Aug 2. [Epub ahead of print]

37. Pereira G, Cook AG, Haggar F, Bower C, Nassar N. Locally derived traffic-related air pollution and fetal growth restriction: a retrospective cohort study.Occup Environ Med. 2012 Jul 31. [Epub ahead of print]

38. Faiz A, Rhoads G, Demissie K, Kruse L, Lin Y, Rich D. Ambient Air Pollution and the Risk of Stillbirth. Am. J. Epidemiol. (2012) 176(4): 308-316 doi:10.1093/aje/kws029

39. Pereira G, Haggar F, Shand AW, Bower C, Cook A, Nassar N. Association between pre-eclampsia and locally derived traffic-related air pollution: a retrospective cohort study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Aug 9. [Epub ahead of print]

40. van den Hooven EH, Pierik FH, de Kluizenaar Y, Hofman A, van Ratingen SW, Zandveld PY, et al. 2012. Air Pollution Exposure and Markers of Placental Growth and Function: The Generation R Study. Environ Health Perspect :-. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1204918

41. Bell ML, Belanger K, Ebisu K, Gent JF, Leaderer BP. Relationship between birth weight and exposure to airborne fine particulate potassium and titanium during gestation. Environ Res. 2012 Jun 15. [Epub ahead of print]

42. Shah PS, Balkhair T. Air pollution and birth outcomes: a systematic review. Knowledge Synthesis Group on Determinants of Preterm/LBW births. Collaborators: Environ Int. 2011 Feb;37(2):498-516. Epub 2010 Nov 26.

43. Shah PS, Ohlsson A, Shah V, Murphy KE, McDonald SD, Hutton E, Newburn-Cook C, Frick C, Scott F, Allen V, Beyene J, Stieb DM, Chen L, Eshoul M, Judek S. Ambient air pollution, birth weight and preterm birth: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Environ Res. 2012 Jun 20. [Epub ahead of print].

44. Parker JD, Rich DQ, Glinianaia SV, Leem JH, Wartenberg D, Bell ML, Bonzini M, Brauer M, Darrow L, Gehring U, Gouveia N, Grillo P, Ha E, van den Hooven EH, Jalaludin B, Jesdale BM, Lepeule J, Morello-Frosch R, Morgan GG, Slama R, Pierik FH, Pesatori AC, Sathyanarayana S, Seo J, Strickland M, Tamburic L, Woodruff TJ.
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45. Chang HH, Reich BJ, Miranda ML. Time-to-event analysis of fine particle air pollution and preterm birth: results from North Carolina, 2001-2005. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Jan 15;175(2):91-8. Epub 2011 Dec 13.

46. Kessler R 2012. Followup in Southern California: Decreased Birth Weight following Prenatal Wildfire Smoke Exposure. Environ Health Perspect 120:a362-a362. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.120-a362b

47. Kloog, I, SJ Melly, WL Ridgway, BA Coull and J Schwartz. 2012. Using new satellite based exposure methods to study the association between pregnancy pm2.5 exposure, premature birth and birth weight in Massachusetts. Environmental Health http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-069X-11-40.

48. Padula AM, Mortimer K, Hubbard A, Lurmann F, Jerrett M, Tager IB. Exposure to Traffic-related Air Pollution During Pregnancy and Term Low Birth Weight: Estimation of Causal Associations in a Semiparametric Model. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Oct 7. [Epub ahead of print]

49. Backes CH, Nelin T, Gorr MW, Wold LE. Early Life Exposure to Air Pollution: How Bad Is It? Toxicol Lett. 2012 Nov 16. pii: S0378-4274(12)01380-X. doi: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2012.11.007. [Epub ahead of print]

50. Geer LA, Weedon J, Bell ML. Ambient air pollution and term birth weight in Texas from 1998 to 2004. J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2012 Nov;62(11):1285-95.

51. Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, Dadvand P, Grellier J, Martinez D, Vrijheid M. Environmental risk factors of pregnancy outcomes: a summary of recent meta-analyses of epidemiological studies. Environ Health. 2013 Jan 15;12(1):6. [Epub ahead of print]

52. Olsson D, Forsberg M. Air pollution exposure in early pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a register-based cohort study. BMJ Open, 2013; 3 (2): e001955 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001955

53. Dadvand P, Parker J, Bell ML, Bonzini M, Brauer M, Darrow L, Gehring U, Glinianaia SV, Gouveia N, Ha EH, Leem JH, van den Hooven EH, Jalaludin B, Jesdale BM, Lepeule J, Morello-Frosch R, Morgan GG, Pesatori AC, Pierik FH, Pless-Mulloli T, Rich DQ, Sathyanarayana S, Seo J, Slama R, Strickland M, Tamburic L, Wartenberg D, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, Woodruff TJ. Maternal Exposure to Particulate Air Pollution and Term Birth Weight: A Multi-Country Evaluation of Effect and Heterogeneity. Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Feb 6. [Epub ahead of print]

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55. Padula A, Tager I, Carmichael S, Hammond S, Lurmann F, Shaw G. The Association of Ambient Air Pollution and Traffic Exposures With Selected Congenital Anomalies in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Am. J. Epidemiol. (2013) doi: 10.1093/aje/kws367 First published online: March 28, 2013

56. Yorifuji T, Naruse H, Kashima S, Takao S, Murakoshi T, Doi H, Kawachi I. Residential proximity to major roads and adverse birth outcomes: a hospital-based study. Environ Health. 2013 Apr 18;12(1):34. [Epub ahead of print]
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58. Faiz AS, Rhoads GG, Demissie K, Lin Y, Kruse L, Rich DQ. Does Ambient Air Pollution Trigger Stillbirth? Epidemiology. 2013 May 14. [Epub ahead of print]

59. Dadvand P, Sunyer J, Basagaña X, Ballester F, Lertxundi A, Fernández-Somoano A, Estarlich M, García-Esteban R, Mendez MA, Nieuwenhuijsen NJ. 2012 Surrounding greenness and pregnancy outcomes in four Spanish birth cohorts. Environmental Health Perspectives http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205244.

60. Xu X, Hu H, Ha S, Roth J. Ambient air pollution and hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 Sep 10. doi: 10.1136/jech-2013-202902. [Epub ahead of print]

61. Dadvand P, Figueras F, Basagaña X, Beelen R, Martinez D, Cirach M, Schembari A, Hoek G, Brunekreef B, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ. Ambient Air Pollution and Preeclampsia: A Spatiotemporal Analysis. Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Sep 10. [Epub ahead of print]

62. Pedersen M, et al. Ambient air pollution and low birthweight: a European cohort study (ESCAPE) The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Early Online Publication, 15 October 2013 doi:10.1016/S2213-2600(13)70192-9

63. Candela S, Ranzi A, Bonvicini L, Baldacchini F, Marzaroli P, Evangelista A, Luberto F, Carretta E, Angelini P, Sterrantino AF, Broccoli S, Cordioli M, Ancona C, Forastiere F. Air pollution from incinerators and reproductive outcomes: a multisite study. Epidemiology. 2013 Nov;24(6):863-70. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3182a712f1.

64. Savtiz D, et al. Ambient Fine Particulate Matter, Nitrogen Dioxide, and Term Birth Weight in New York, New York Am. J. Epidemiol. (2013) doi: 10.1093/aje/kwt268 First published online: November 10, 2013

65. Wylie BJ, Coull BA, Hamer DH, Singh MP, Jack D, Yeboah-Antwi K, Sabin L, Singh N, Macleod WB. Impact of biomass fuels on pregnancy outcomes in central East India. Environ Health. 2014 Jan 9;13(1):1. [Epub ahead of print]

66. Gianicolo EA1, Mangia C2, Cervino M3, Bruni A4, Andreassi MG5, Latini G6. Congenital anomalies among live births in a high environmental risk area-A case-control study in Brindisi (southern Italy). Environ Res. 2014 Jan;128:9-14. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2013.11.002. Epub 2013 Dec 17.

67. McKenzie L, et al. Birth Outcomes and Maternal Residential Proximity to Natural Gas Development in Rural Colorado Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1306722

68. Gray S, Edwards S, Schultz B, and Miranda M. Assessing the impact of race, social factors and air pollution on birth outcomes: a population-based study. Environmental Health 2014, 13:4 doi:10.1186/1476-069X-13-4

69. Fleisch A, et al. Air Pollution Exposure and Abnormal Glucose Tolerance during Pregnancy: The Project Viva Cohort. Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1307065

70. Xu X, Hu H, Ha S, Roth J, Air pollution Ambient air pollution and hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. J Epidemiol Community Health 2014;68:13-20 doi:10.1136/jech-2013-202902

71. Enkhmaa D, Warburton N, Javzandulam B, Uyanga J, Khishigsuren Y, Lodoysamba S, Enkhtur S, Warburton D. Seasonal ambient air pollution correlates strongly with spontaneous abortion in Mongolia. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2014 Apr 23;14(1):146. [Epub ahead of print]

72. Stingone J. Maternal Exposure to Criteria Air Pollutants and Congenital Heart Defects in Offspring: Results from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1307289

73. Hannam K, McNamee R, Baker P, Sibley C, Agius R. Air pollution exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes in a large UK birth cohort: use of a novel spatio-temporal modelling technique. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2014 Mar 19. pii: 3423. doi: 10.5271/sjweh.3423. [Epub ahead of print]

74. Pedersen M, Stayner L, Slama R, Sørensen M, Figueras F, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Dadvand P. Ambient Air Pollution and Pregnancy-Induced Hypertensive Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Hypertension. 2014 Jun 16. pii: HYPERTENSIONAHA.114.03545. [Epub ahead of print]

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76. Hyder A, Lee HJ, Ebisu K, Koutrakis P, Belanger K, Bell ML. PM2.5 exposure and birth outcomes: use of satellite- and monitor-based data. Epidemiology. 2014 Jan;25(1):58-67. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000027.

77. Stingone J. et al. Maternal Exposure to Criteria Air Pollutants and Congenital Heart Defects in Offspring: Results from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1307289

78. Zhu X, Liu Y, Chen Y, Yao C, Che Z, Cao J. Maternal exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and pregnancy outcomes: a meta-analysis. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2014 Aug 28. [Epub ahead of print]

79. Rappazzo K, et al. Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter during Pregnancy and Risk of Preterm Birth among Women in New Jersey, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, 2000–2005. Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1307456

80. Holstius DM, Reid CE, Jesdale BM, Morello-Frosch R. Birth weight following pregnancy during the 2003 Southern California wildfires. Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Sep;120(9):1340-5. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1104515. Epub 2012 May 29.

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82. Kahn L. et al. Blood Lead Concentration and Thyroid Function during Pregnancy: Results from the Yugoslavia Prospective Study of Environmental Lead Exposure. Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1307669

83. Pedersen M, Stayner L, Slama R, Sørensen M, Figueras F, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Dadvand P. Ambient air pollution and pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hypertension. 2014 Sep;64(3):494-500. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.114.03545. Epub 2014 Jun 16.

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96. Hu H, Ha S, Henderson BH, Warner TD, Roth J, Kan H, Xu X. Association of Atmospheric Particulate Matter and Ozone with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Environ Health Perspect. 2015 Mar 20. [Epub ahead of print]

97. DeFranco E, et al. Air Pollution and Stillbirth Risk: Exposure to Airborne Particulate Matter during Pregnancy Is Associated with Fetal Death. PLoS One. 2015 Mar 20;10(3):e0120594. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120594.

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102. Hao Y, et al. Geographic Variation in the Association between Ambient Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) and Term Low Birth Weight in the United States. Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1408798

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