Medical References – Heart and Blood Vessels

Updated Oct. 21, 2017

1. Brook R, Rajagopalan S, Pope CA, Brook J, Bhatnagar A, et al. AHA Scientific Statement: Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease; An Update to the Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2010;121:2331-2378.

2. Peters, A, and Pope, CA III Editorial, Lancet. Vol 360, Oct 19, 2002

3. Pope CA III, Muhlestein JB, May HT et al. Ischemic Heart Disease Events Triggered by Short-term Exposure to Fine Particulate Air Pollution. Circulation 2006, 114:2443-2448.

4. Dockery DW, Stone PH. Cardiovascular Risks from Fine Particulate Air Pollution. NEJM 2007; 356:511-513

5. Miller KA, Siscovick DS, Sheppard L et al. Long-term Exposure to Air Pollution and Incidence of Cardiovascular Events in Women. NEJM 2007; 356:447-458.

6. Peters, A. Air Quality and Cardiovascular Health: Smoke and Pollution Matter. Circulation. 2009: 120:924-927

7. Mordukhovich I, Kloog I, Coull B, Koutrakis P, Vokonas P, Schwartz J. Association between Particulate Air Pollution and QT Interval Duration in an Elderly Cohort. Epidemiology. 2015 Nov 24. [Epub ahead of print]

8. Peters A, von Klot S, Heier M, et al. Exposure to Traffic and the Onset of Myocardial Infarction. NEJM Vol. 351:1721-1730.

9. Shang-Shyue Tsai, William B. Goggins, Hui-Fen Chiu, and Chun-Yuh Yang. Evidence for an Association Between Air Pollution and Daily Stroke Admissions in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Stroke 2003;34:2612-2616

10. Eugenia E. Calle and Michael J. Thun C. Arden Pope, III, Richard T. Burnett, Daniel Krewski, Michael Jerrett, Yuanli Shi. Circulation. 2009;120:941-948. Cardiovascular Mortality and Exposure to Airbourne Fine Particulate Matter and Cigarette Smoke.

11. Hoffman B. Presentation, American Thoracic Society (2010, May 17) Higher blood pressure found in people living in urban areas.

12. Kunzil N, Jerrett M, Garcia-Esteban, R, et al. Ambient Air Pollution and the Progression of Atherosclerosis in Adults. PloS ONE, 2010; 2010; 5 (2): e9096 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009096

13. Pope, CA III, Ezzate, M., Dockery, D. Fine-Particulate Air Pollution and Life Expectancy in the United States. NEJM. Vol. 360:376-386 Jan. 22, 2009 Num. 4.

14. Baccarelli A, Martinelli A, Zanobetti A, et al. Exposure to particulate air pollution and risk of deep vein thrombosis. Arch Intern Med. 2008; 168:920-927

15. Jacobs L, Emmerechts J, Mathieu C, Hoylaerts MF, Fierens F, Hoet PH, Nemery B, Nawrot TS. Air pollution related prothrombotic changes in persons with diabetes. Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Feb;118(2):191-6.

16. Adar SD, Klein R, Klein BE, Szpiro AA, Cotch MF, Wong TY, O’Neill MS, Shrager S, Barr RG, Siscovick DS, Daviglus ML, Sampson PD, Kaufman JD. Air Pollution and the Microvasculature: A Cross-Sectional Assessment of In Vivo Retinal Images in the Population-Based Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). PLoS Med. 2010 Nov 30;7(11):e1000372

17. Koehoorn M, Davies Gan WQHW, Demers PA, Tamburic L, Brauer M. Long-Term Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution and the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease Hospitalization and Mortality. Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Nov 16. [Epub ahead of print]

18. Bauer M, Moebus S, Möhlenkamp S, Dragano N, Nonnemacher M, Fuchsluger M, Kessler C, Jakobs H, Memmesheimer M, Erbel R, Jöckel KH, Hoffmann B; HNR Study Investigative Group. Urban Particulate Matter Air Pollution Is Associated With Subclinical Atherosclerosis Results From the HNR (Heinz Nixdorf Recall) Study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Nov 23;56(22):1803-1808.

19. Silverman RA, Ito K, Freese J, Kaufman BJ, De Claro D, Braun J, Prezant DJ. Association of Ambient Fine Particles With Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests in New York City. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Aug 20. [Epub ahead of print]

20. American College of Cardiology (2008, August 14). Air Pollution Damages More Than Lungs: Heart And Blood Vessels Suffer Too.

21. Katariina Kallio, MD, PhD; Eero Jokinen, MD, PhD; Maiju Saarinen, MSSc; Mauri Hämäläinen, PhD; Iina Volanen, MD, PhD; Tuuli Kaitosaari, MD, PhD; Tapani Rönnemaa, MD, PhD; Jorma Viikari, MD, PhD; Olli T. Raitakari, MD, PhD and Olli Simell, MD, PhD Arterial Intima-Media Thickness, Endothelial Function, and Apolipoproteins in Adolescents Frequently Exposed to Tobacco Smoke. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. 2010. Published online before print March 2, 2010, doi: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.109.857771

22. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (2010, April 28). Mexico City air pollution adversely affects the hearts of young people. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 29, 2010, from http://www.sciencedaily.com­ /releases/2010/04/100428153256.htm
American Heart Association (2010, July 22). Smog might trigger cell death in the heart, study finds. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 25,

23. Delfino RJ, Tjoa T, Gillen DL, Staimer N, Polidori A, Arhami M, Jamner L, Sioutas C, Longhurst J. Traffic-related air pollution and blood pressure in elderly subjects with coronary artery disease. Epidemiology. 2010 May;21(3):396-404.

24. Urch B, Silverman F, Corey P, Brook J, Lukic K, Rajagopalan S, Brook R. Acute Blood Pressure Responses in Healthy Adults During Controlled Air Pollution Exposures. Environ Health Perspect. 2005 August; 113(8): 1052–1055.
25. Ruckerl, R. et al. (2007) Air pollution and inflammation (interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, fibrinogen) in myocardial infarction survivors. Environ. Health Perspect. 115, 1072–1080.

26. Pham, H, AC Bonham, KE Pinkerton and CY Chen. 2009. Central neuroplasticity and decreased heart rate variability following particulate matter exposure in mice. Environmental Health Perspectives doi: 10.1289/ehp.0900674.

27. Alexeeff SE, Coull BA, Gryparis A, Suh H, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz J. Medium-Term Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Markers of Inflammation and Endothelial Function. Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Feb 24. [Epub ahead of print]

28. Nawrot TS, et al. Heart attacks: Public health importance of triggers of myocardial infaction: a comparative risk assessment. The Lancet, Vol. 377, February 26, 2011, p. 732. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)62296-9

29. Davoodi G, Sharif AY, Kazemisaeid A, Sadeghian S, Farahani AV, Sheikhvatan M, Pashang M. Comparison of heart rate variability and cardiac arrhythmias in polluted and clean air episodes in healthy individuals. Environ Health Prev Med. 2010 Jul;15(4): 217-21. Epub 2010 Jan 22.

30. Bai N, Kido T, Suzuki H, Yang G, Kavanagh TJ, Kaufman JD, Rosenfeld ME, vanBreemen C, Eeden SF. Changes in atherosclerotic plaques induced by inhalation of diesel exhaust. Atherosclerosis. 2011 Mar 2. [Epub ahead of print]

31. Kampfrath T, Maiseyeu A, Ying Z, Shah Z, Deiuliis JA, et al. Chronic Fine Particulate Matter Exposure Induces Systemic Vascular Dysfunction via NADPH Oxidase and TLR4 Pathways. Circulation Research, 2011; 108 (6): 716 DOI: 10.1161/ CIRCRESAHA.110.237560

32. Harrison CM, Pompilius M, Pinkerton KE, Ballinger SW 2011. Mitochondrial Oxidative Stress Significantly Influences Atherogenic Risk and Cytokine-Induced Oxidant Production. Environ Health Perspect 119:676-681. doi:10.1289/ehp.1002857

33. Brook RD, Shin HH, Bard RL, Burnett RT, Vette A, Croghan C, et al. 2011. Exploration of the Rapid Effects of Personal Fine Particulate Matter Exposure on Arterial Hemodynamics and Vascular Function during the Same Day. Environ Health Perspect 119:688-694. doi:10.1289/ehp.1002107

34. Sérgio Chiarelli P, Amador Pereira LA, Nascimento Saldiva PH, Ferreira Filho C, Bueno Garcia ML, Ferreira Braga AL, Conceição Martins L. The association between air pollution and blood pressure in traffic controllers in Santo André, São Paulo, Brazil. Environ Res. 2011 May 11. [Epub ahead of print]

35. Chiusolo M, Cadum E, Stafoggia M, Galassi C, Berti G, Faustini A, Bisanti L, Vigotti MA, Dessì MP, Cernigliaro A, Mallone S, Pacelli B, Minerba S, Simonato L, Forastiere F. Short Term Effects of Nitrogen Dioxide on Mortality and Susceptibility Factors in Ten Italian Cities: the EpiAir Study. Environ Health Perspect. 2011 May 17. [Epub ahead of print]

36. Domínguez-Rodríguez A, Abreu-Afonso J, Rodríguez S, Juárez-Prera RA, Arroyo- Ucar E, Jiménez-Sosa A, González Y, Abreu-González P, Avanzas P. Comparative Study of Ambient Air Particles in Patients Hospitalized for Heart Failure and Acute Coronary Syndrome. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2011 Aug;64(8):661-6. Epub 2011 Jun 8.

37. Pope CA, et al. Short-Term Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution Is Preferentially Associated With the Risk of ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Events. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015 Dec 8;4(12). pii: e002506. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.115.002506.

38. Mallone S, Stafoggia M, Faustini A, Gobbi GP, Marconi A, Forastiere F 2011. Saharan Dust and Associations between Particulate Matter and Daily Mortality in Rome, Italy. Environ Health Perspect. doi:10.1289/ehp.1003026

39. Nuvolone D, Balzi D, Chini M, Scala D , Giovannini F, and Barchielli A . Short- Term Association Between Ambient Air Pollution and Risk of Hospitalization for Acute Myocardial Infarction: Results of the Cardiovascular Risk and Air Pollution in Tuscany (RISCAT) Study. American Journal of Epidemiology Volume174, Issue1Pp. 63-71.

40. Williams R, Brook R, Bard R, Conner T, Shin H, Burnett R. Impact of personal and ambient-level exposures to nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter on cardiovascular function. Int J Environ Health Res. 2011 Jun 28. [Epub ahead of print]

41. Mills NL, Miller MR, Lucking AJ, Beveridge J, Flint L, Boere AJ, Fokkens PH, Boon NA, Sandstrom T, Blomberg A, Duffin R, Donaldson K, Hadoke PW, Cassee FR, Newby DE. Combustion-derived nanoparticulate induces the adverse vascular effects of diesel exhaust inhalation. European Heart Journal, July 13, 2011 DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ ehr195

42. Fattore E, Paiano V, Borgini A, Tittarelli A, Bertoldi M, Crosignani P, Fanelli R. Human health risk in relation to air quality in two municipalities in an industrialized area of Northern Italy. Environ Res. 2011 Jul 15. [Epub ahead of print]

43. Meyer G, Boissiere J, Tanguy S, Rugale C, Gayrard S, Jover B, Obert P, Reboul C. Carbon Monoxide Pollution Impairs Myocardial Perfusion Reserve: Implication of Coronary Endothelial Dysfunction. Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2011 Jul 27. [Epub ahead of print].

44. Ayotte, P, A Carrier, N Ouellet, V Boiteau, B Abdous, EAL Sidi, ML Château-Degat and E Dewailly. 2011. Relation between methylmercury exposure and plasma paraoxonase activity in Inuit adults from Nunavik. Environmental Health Perspectives http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1003296.

45. Chen R, Pan G, Zhang Y, Xu Q, Zeng G, Xu X, Chen B, Kan H. Ambient carbon monoxide and daily mortality in three Chinese cities: The China Air Pollution and Health Effects Study (CAPES). Sci Total Environ. 2011 Sep 10. [Epub ahead of print]

46. Van Hee VC, Szpiro AA, Prineas R, Neyer J, Watson K, Siscovick D, Park SK, Kaufman JD. Association of Long-term Air Pollution With Ventricular Conduction and Repolarization Abnormalities. Epidemiology. 2011 Sep 13. [Epub ahead of print]

47. Breitner S, Liu L, Cyrys J, Brüske I, Franck U, Schlink U, Leitte AM, Herbarth O, Wiedensohler A, Wehner B, Hu M, Pan XC, Wichmann HE, Peters A. Sub-micrometer particulate air pollution and cardiovascular mortality in Beijing, China. Sci Total Environ. 2011 Sep 20. [Epub ahead of print]

48. Bhaskaran K, Hajat S, Armstrong B, Haines A, Herrett E, Wilkinson P, Smeeth L. The effects of hourly differences in air pollution on the risk of myocardial infarction: case crossover analysis of the MINAP database. BMJ. 2011 Sep 20;343:d5531. doi: 10.1136/bmj.d5531.

49. Weichenthal S, Kulka R, Dubeau A, Martin C, Wang D, Dales R 2011. Traffic- Related Air Pollution and Acute Changes in Heart Rate Variability and Respiratory Function in Urban Cyclists. Environ Health Perspect 119:1373-1378. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1289/ehp.1003321

50. Szyszkowicz M, Rowe BH, Brook RD. Even Low Levels of Ambient Air Pollutants Are Associated With Increased Emergency Department Visits for Hypertension. Can J Cardiol. 2011 Sep 23. [Epub ahead of print]

51. Perepu RS, Dostal DE, Garcia C, Kennedy RH, Sethi R. Cardiac dysfunction subsequent to chronic ozone exposure in rats. Mol Cell Biochem. 2011 Sep 27. [Epub ahead of print]

52. Hoffmann B, Luttmann-Gibson H, Cohen A, Zanobetti A, de Souza C, Foley C, et al. 2011. Opposing Effects of Particle Pollution, Ozone and Ambient Temperature on Arterial Blood Pressure. Environ Health Perspect :-. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp. 1103647

53. Cakmak S, Dales R, Leech J, Liu L. The influence of air pollution on cardiovascular and pulmonary function and exercise capacity: Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS). Environ Res. 2011 Oct 13. [Epub ahead of print]

54. Emmerechts J, Hoylaerts MF. The effect of air pollution on haemostasis. Hamostaseologie. 2011 Oct 18;32(1). [Epub ahead of print]

55. Elliott CT, Copes R. Burden of mortality due to ambient fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) in interior and Northern BC. Can J Public Health. 2011 Sep-Oct;102(5):390-3.

56. Hoffmann B, et al. Opposing effects of particle pollution, ozone and ambient temperature on arterial blood pressure. Environmental Health Perspectives. Published online October 21, 2011. doi:10.1289/ehp.1103647.

57. Andersen ZJ, Kristiansen LC, Andersen KK, Olsen TS, Hvidberg M, Jensen SS, Ketzel M, Loft S, Sørensen M, Tjønneland A, Overvad K, Raaschou-Nielsen O. Stroke and Long-Term Exposure to Outdoor Air Pollution From Nitrogen Dioxide. Published online before print November 3, 2011, doi: 10.1161/ STROKEAHA.111.629246

58. Emmerechts J, Jacobs L, Van Kerckhoven S, Loyen S, Mathieu C, Fierens F, Nemery B, Nawrot TS, Hoylaerts MF. Air Pollution-Associated Procoagulant Changes: role of Circulating Microvesicles. J Thromb Haemost. 2011 Nov 8. doi: 10.1111/j. 1538-7836.2011.04557.x. [Epub ahead of print]

59. Hampel R, Breitner S, Schneider A, Zareba W, Kraus U, Cyrys J, Geruschkat U, Belcredi P, Müller M, Wichmann HE, Peters A. Acute air pollution effects on heart rate variability are modified by SNPs involved in cardiac rhythm in individuals with diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance. Environ Res. 2011 Nov 7. [Epub ahead of print]

60. Fuks K, Moebus S, Hertel S, Viehmann A, Nonnemacher M, Dragano N, et al. 2011. Long-Term Urban Particulate Air Pollution, Traffic Noise, and Arterial Blood Pressure. Environ Health Perspect 119:1706-1711. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1103564

61. Baccarelli A, Barretta F, Dou C, Zhang X, McCracken JP, Diaz A, Bertazzi PA, Schwartz J, Wang S, Hou L. Effects of Particulate Air Pollution on Blood Pressure in a Highly Exposed Population in Beijing, China: A repeated-measure study. Environ Health. 2011 Dec 21;10(1):108. [Epub ahead of print]

62. Langrish JP, Li X, Wang S, Lee MM, Barnes GD, Miller MR, et al. 2012. Reducing Personal Exposure To Particulate Air Pollution Improves Cardiovascular Health In Patients With Coronary Heart Disease. Environ Health Perspect :-. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1289/ehp.1103898

63. Chen SY, Su TC, Lin YL, Chan CC. Short-term Effects of Air Pollution on Pulse Pressure Among Nonsmoking Adults. Epidemiology. 2012 Jan 16. [Epub ahead of print]

64. Hoffmann B, Luttmann-Gibson H, Cohen A, Zanobetti A, de Souza C, Foley C, et al. 2011. Opposing Effects of Particle Pollution, Ozone, and Ambient Temperature on Arterial Blood Pressure. Environ Health Perspect 120:241-246. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1289/ehp.1103647

65. Wellenius G, Burger M, Coull B, Schwartz J, et al. Ambient Air Pollution and the Risk of Acute Ischemic Stroke. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(3):229-234. doi:10.1001/ archinternmed.2011.732

66. Mustafić H, Jabre P, Caussin C, Murad M, et al. Main Air Pollutants and Myocardial Infarction: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA 2012. vol 307, no. 7 pg 713-721.

67. Nurkiewicz TR, Porter DW, Hubbs AF, Stone S, Moseley AM, Cumpston JL, Goodwill AG, Frisbee SJ, Perrotta PL, Brock RW, Frisbee JC, Boegehold MA, Frazer DG, Chen BT, Castranova V. Pulmonary particulate matter and systemic microvascular dysfunction. Res Rep Health Eff Inst. 2011 Dec;(164):3-48.

68. Channell MM, Paffett ML, Devlin RB, Madden MC, Campen MJ. Circulating factors induce coronary endothelial cell activation following exposure to inhaled diesel exhaust and nitrogen dioxide in humans: Evidence from a novel translational in vitro model. Toxicol Sci. 2012 Feb 13. [Epub ahead of print]

69. Schwartz J, Alexeeff SE, Mordukhovich I, Gryparis A, Vokonas P, Suh H, Coull BA. Association between long-term exposure to traffic particles and blood pressure in the Veterans Administration Normative Aging Study. Occup Environ Med. 2012 Mar 1. [Epub ahead of print]

70. Cosselman KE, Krishnan RM, Oron AP, Jansen K, Peretz A, Sullivan JH, Larson TV, Kaufman JD. Blood Pressure Response to Controlled Diesel Exhaust Exposure in Human Subjects. Hypertension. 2012 Mar 19. [Epub ahead of print]

71. Feng J, Yang W. Effects of particulate air pollution on cardiovascular health: a population health risk assessment. PLoS One. 2012;7(3):e33385. Epub 2012 Mar 14.

72. Tonne C, Yanosky JD, Beevers S, Wilkinson P, Kelly FJ. PM Mass Concentration and PM Oxidative Potential in Relation to Carotid Intima-media Thickness. Epidemiology. 2012 Mar 23. [Epub ahead of print]

73. Lepeule J, Laden F, Dockery D, Schwartz J. Chronic Exposure to Fine Particles and Mortality: An Extended Follow-Up of the Harvard Six Cities Study from 1974 to 2009. Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Mar 28. [Epub ahead of print]

74. Martinelli N, Girelli D, Cigolini D, Sandri M, Ricci G, Rocca G, Olivieri O. Access rate to the emergency department for venous thromboembolism in relationship with coarse and fine particulate matter air pollution. PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e34831. Epub 2012 Apr 11.

75. Chen R, Kan H, Chen B, Huang W, Bai Z, Song G, Pan G. Association of Particulate Air Pollution With Daily Mortality: The China Air Pollution and Health Effects Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Apr 17. [Epub ahead of print]

76. J. Lambrechtsen, O. Gerke, K. Egstrup, N. P. Sand, B. L. Nørgaard, H. Petersen, H. Mickley, A. C. P. Diederichsen. The relation between coronary artery calcification in asymptomatic subjects and both traditional risk factors and living in the city centre: a DanRisk substudy. Journal of Internal Medicine, 2012; 271 (5): 444 DOI: 10.1111/j. 1365-2796.2011.02486.x

77. Beckerman BS, Jerrett M, Finkelstein M, Kanaroglou P, Brook JR, Arain MA, Sears MR, Stieb D, Balmes J, Chapman K. The association between chronic exposure to traffic-related air pollution and ischemic heart disease. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2012 Apr 1;75(7):402-11.

78. Jia X, Hao Y, Guo X. Ultrafine carbon black disturbs heart rate variability in mice. Toxicol Lett. 2012 Apr 15. [Epub ahead of print]

79. Van Eeden S, Leipsic J, Man SF, Sin DD. The Relationship Between Lung Inflammation and Cardiovascular Disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2012 Apr 26. [Epub ahead of print]

80. Crouse DL, Peters PA, van Donkelaar A, Goldberg MS, Villeneuve PJ, Brion O, et al. 2012. Risk of Nonaccidental and Cardiovascular Mortality in Relation to Long-term Exposure to Low Concentrations of Fine Particulate Matter: A Canadian National-Level Cohort Study. Environ Health Perspect 120:708-714. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp. 1104049

81. Kloog I, Coull BA, Zanobetti A, Koutrakis P, Schwartz JD (2012) Acute and Chronic Effects of Particles on Hospital Admissions in New-England. PLoS ONE 7(4): e34664. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0034664

82. Golomb E, Matza D, Cummings CA, Schwalb H, Kodavanti UP, Schneider A, Houminer E, Korach A, Nyska A, Shapira OM. Myocardial Mitochondrial Injury Induced by Pulmonary Exposure to Particulate Matter in Rats. Toxicol Pathol. 2012 May 1. [Epub ahead of print]

83. Rosenbloom J, Wilker E, Mukamal K, Schwartz J, Mittleman M. Residential Proximity to Major Roadway and 10-Year All-Cause Mortality After Myocardial Infarction Circulation. 2012;125:2197-2203, published online before print May 7 2012, doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.085811

84. Rich D, Kipen H, Huang W, Wang G, Wang Y, Zhu P, et al. Association Between Changes in Air Pollution Levels During the Beijing Olympics and Biomarkers of Inflammation and Thrombosis in Healthy Young Adults JAMA. 2012;307(19): 2068-2078. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.3488

85. Pieters N, Plusquin M, Cox B, Kicinski M, Vangronsveld J, Nawrot TS. An epidemiological appraisal of the association between heart rate variability and particulate air pollution: a meta-analysis. Heart. 2012 May 23. [Epub ahead of print]

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87. Jacobs L, Buczynska A, Walgraeve C, Delcloo A, Potgieter-Vermaak S, Van Grieken R, Demeestere K, Dewulf J, Van Langenhove H, De Backer H, Nemery B, Nawrot TS. Acute changes in pulse pressure in relation to constituents of particulate air pollution in elderly persons. Environ Res. 2012 Jun 18. [Epub ahead of print]

88. Devlin R, Duncan K, Jardim M, Schmitt M, Rappold A, Diaz-Sanchez D. Controlled Exposure of Healthy Young Volunteers to Ozone Causes Cardiovascular Effects. Circulation 2012; June 25 2012, doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.112.094359

89. Cesaroni G, Porta D, Badaloni C, Stafoggia M, Eeftens M, Meliefste K, Forastiere F. Nitrogen dioxide levels estimated from land use regression models several years apart and association with mortality in a large cohort study.
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90. Berman JD, Fann N, Hollingsworth JW, Pinkerton KE, Rom WN, Szema AM, et al. 2012. Health Benefits from Large Scale Ozone Reduction in the United States. Environ Health Perspect :-. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1104851

91. Chen R, Huang W, Wong CM, Wang Z, Quoc Thach T, Chen B, Kan H Short-term exposure to sulfur dioxide and daily mortality in 17 Chinese cities: The China air pollution and health effects study (CAPES). Environ Res. 2012 Jul 23. [Epub ahead of print]

92. Meng X, Zhang Y, Zhao Z, Duan X, Xu X, Kan H. Temperature modifies the acute effect of particulate air pollution on mortality in eight Chinese cities. Sci Total Environ. 2012 Jul 30;435-436C:215-221. [Epub ahead of print]

93. Breton CV, Wang X, Mack WJ, Berhane K, Lopez M, Islam TS, Feng M, Lurmann F, McConnell R, Hodis HN, Künzli N, Avol E. Childhood Air Pollutant Exposure and Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness in Young Adults.
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94. Perez L, Tobías A, Querol X, Pey J, Alastuey A, Díaz J, Sunyer J. Saharan dust, particulate matter and cause-specific mortality: A case-crossover study in Barcelona (Spain). Environ Int. 2012 Aug 23;48C:150-155. [Epub ahead of print]

95. Wang T, Wang L, Moreno-Vinasco L, Lang GD, Siegler JH, Mathew B, Usatyuk PV, Samet JM, Geyh AS, Breysse PN, Natarajan V, Garcia JG Particulate matter air pollution disrupts endothelial cell barrier via calpain-mediated tight junction protein degradation. Part Fibre Toxicol. 2012 Aug 29;9(1):35. [Epub ahead of print]

96. Crabbe H. Risk of respiratory and cardiovascular hospitalisation with exposure to bushfire particulates: new evidence from Darwin, Australia. Environ Geochem Health. 2012 Oct 5. [Epub ahead of print]

97. Bedada GB, Smith CJ, Tyrrell PJ, Hirst AA, Agius R. Short-term effects of ambient particulates and gaseous pollutants on the incidence of transient ischaemic attack and minor stroke: a case- crossover study. Environ Health. 2012 Oct 15;11(1):77. [Epub ahead of print]

98. Wu S, Deng F, Huang J, Wang H, Shima M, Wang X, Qin Y, Zheng C, Wei H, Hao Y, Lv H, Lu X, Guo X. Blood Pressure Changes and Chemical Constituents of Particulate Air Pollution: Results From The Healthy Volunteer Natural Relocation (HVNR) Study. Environ Health Perspect (): .doi:10.1289/ehp.1104812

99. Wichmann J, Voyi K. Ambient air pollution exposure and respiratory, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular mortality in cape town, South Africa: 2001–2006. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2012 Nov 5;9(11):3978-4016. doi: 10.3390/ijerph9113978.

100. Madrigano J, Kloog I, Goldberg R, Coull BA, Mittleman MA, Schwartz J. Long- term Exposure to PM2.5 and Incidence of Acute Myocardial Infarction. Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Nov 29. [Epub ahead of print]

101. Correia A, Pope CA, Dockery D, Wang Y, Ezzati M, Dominici F. Effect of Air Pollution Control on Life Expectancy in the United States: An Analysis of 545 U.S. Counties for the Period from 2000 to 2007 Epidemiology. 3 December 2012 doi: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3182770237

102. Atkinson R, Carey I, Kent A, van Staa T, Anderson HR, Cook D Long-Term Exposure to Outdoor Air Pollution and Incidence of Cardiovascular Diseases. Epidemiology, 5 December 2012. doi: 10.1097/EDE 0b013e318276ccb8

103. Cesaroni G, Badaloni C, Gariazzo C, Stafoggia M, Sozzi R, Davoli M, Forastiere F. Long-Term Exposure to Urban Air Pollution and Mortality in a Cohort of More than A Million Adults in Rome. Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Jan 8. [Epub ahead of print]

104. Shields KN, Cavallari JM, Hunt MJ, Lazo M, Molina M, Molina L, Holguin F. Traffic-related air pollution exposures and changes in heart rate variability in Mexico City: A panel study. Environ Health. 2013 Jan 18;12(1):7. [Epub ahead of print]

105. Wichmann J, Folke F, Torp-Pedersen C, Lippert F, Ketzel M, Ellermann T, Loft S. Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests and Outdoor Air Pollution Exposure in Copenhagen, Denmark. PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e53684. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053684. Epub 2013 Jan 14.

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