- Fellowship: Massachusetts General Hospital, Intensive Care Medicine
- Residency: Massachusetts General Hospital, Anesthesiology. Staff instructor in Anesthesia, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 1980-81;
- Internship: LDS Hospital, Internal Medicine
- Professional Medical: University of Utah
- Undergraduate: Stanford University and U. of Utah. Chemistry major; Early acceptance to medical school after three years.
- Amercian Board of Anesthesiologists 1983
- Member, Union of Concerned Scientists
- Member, radiation and health committee of the Physicians for Social Responsibility